A discrete model of springs with bond-bending forces is proposed to simulate the fracture process in a composite of short stiff fibers in a softer matrix. Both components are assumed to be elastic up to failure. We find that the critical fiber length of a single fiber composite increases roughly linearly with the ratio of the fiber elastic modulus to matrix modulus. The finite size of the lattice in the direction perpendicular to the fiber orientation considerably alters the behavior of the critical length for large values of the modulus ratio. The simulations of the fracture process reveal different fracture behavior as a function of the fiber content and length. We calculate the Young's modulus, fracture stress, and the strain at maximum stress as a function of the fiber volume fraction and aspect ratio. The results are compared with the predictions of other theoretical studies and experiments.
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