X-ray computed tomography (XCT) and ultrasonic testing (UT) are two major nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods used to inspect a wide variety of materials and components. Current work in the NDE of materials at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory includes inspection and analysis of individual ceramic targets and ceramic panels. A number of samples have been evaluated using XCT and UT, including encapsulated panels. XCT and UT results from NDE studies of damaged and as-fabricated encapsulated ceramic panels will be shown and discussed. The results from the two NDE methods will be compared and contrasted.